A Mi’kmaq Picture Gallery of Earlier Days


1865 Unknown

Mikmaq Canoe Guides 1

Mi’kmaq Guides with Party of Sportsmen Fishing from Four Canoes, Digby County Date: May 1899 Photographer: J.A. Irvine, Archives of Nova Scotia


Photographer Unknown, 1873


Mi`kmaq Group, ca. 1910 McCord Museum of Canadian History, Canada MP-0000.2027.5


Chief Gabriel Sylliboy – first to fight for Treaty Rights in the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, 1929. Photographer Unknown.


Mi’kmaq wigwams at St. Ann’s Church Chapel Island, Nova Scotia. Courtesy Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax.


Mi’kmaq making hockey sticks from hornbeam trees (Ostrya virginiana) in Nova Scotia about 1890. By Unknown – http://www.birthplaceofhockey.com/images/picorigin/mmsticks.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1334336

Mikmaq Canoe Guides 3

Indian Encampment outside Dartmouth, NS Date: ca. 1900 Photographer: W.L. Bishop, Archives of Nova Scotia

Mikmaq Canoe Guides 5

Mi’kmaq guides from Bear River at camp near Weymouth, N.S. Date: ca. 1893 Photographer: J.A. Irvine, Archives of Nova Scotia


Description English: Mi’kmaq (First Nations peoples) at Tuft’s Cove settlement, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. Date circa 1871 Source Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management [1] NSARM accession no. 1992-412 Photographic Advertising Album, 1871, p. 18 / neg. no.: N-0418 Author Joseph S. Rogers


Mi’kmaq writing, 1866


T. Davies Indian Encampment 1788 Point Levis, opposite Quebec


“Micmac Indian Encampment by a River,” dated ca. 1801. Source: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1981-55-80 Bushnell Collection


Encampment of Micmac Indians at Point Levi. ca. 1838-1842 Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1956-62-50 Copyright: Expired


Mi’kmaq resting during a winter voyage watercolour by Millicent Mary Chaplin 1839


Mi’kmaq single family wigwam from an 1850 oil painting by an unknown artist


“Micmac camp. Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia” photographed by Paul-Émile Miot in 1857. Courtesy of the National Archives of Canada/coll 1995-084/PA-194632.


Mi’kmaq chief. Hezekiah Butterworth. Zigzag journeys in India; or, The antipodes of the Far East: a collection of the zenänä tales. Boston: Estes & Lauriat, 1887

Homme Acadien

Hand coloured etching & aquatint, “Homme Acadien,” dated 1796-1804. Source: Library & Archives Canada (R9266-3486) Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana. Re-interpretation by Henri Beau (1863-1949)

Joe Paul

Photo of Joe Paul. Celia C. Dimock, Isle Royale: The Front Door of Canada. Halifax, T.C. Allen & Co., 1929, p. 84.


Below: Map of New France, by Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635): 1612




Français : Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635), Carte geographique de la Nouvelle France: 1612 English: Map of New France, by Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635): 1612