Down Lake Huron

jameson_voyage_down_lake_huron 1837

Anna Jameson, Voyage Down Lake Huron, in a canoe, Aug. 1837

Here you will find Anna Jameson’s account of her “Voyage Down Lake Huron, in a canoe, Aug. 1837” from her best-seller. An accomplished and famour writer, she came to Canada to be with her husband, but the marriage failed and she returned to England. First, she did a little exploring with a crew of Metis voyageurs from Penetanguishene. Unfortunately, most of the records about Metis people in the early days were written not by Metis people themselves. We are always hearing our ancestors voices through the text of strangers: some well-intentioned, some not.

18520000 Jameson Title Page

The book is available through public libraries but also on line. You can read it on line or download it as a pdf at:

or read it as a free e-book at:

You can also read her earlier work of 1838:

Winter Studies

The illustrations below are mostly not by Anna Jameson but by a selection of other artists.

Anna Brownell Jameson 1844

Anna Brownell Jameson, 1844


Anna Jameson, Waish-kys Lodge at Sault Ste. Marie, 1837

18520000 Jameson p 295

Hudson's Bay Post, Sault Ste Marie, 1863 Wm Armstrong 1911 TPL

William Armstrong, Hudson’s Bay Post, Sault Ste. Marie, 1863. Toronto Public Library.



Photo From Osborne, A.C. “The Migration of Voyageurs from Drummond Island To Penetanguishene in 1828.” Ontario Historical Society: Papers and Records. Volume 3, Toronto , 1901, Pages 123-166. A GROUP OF VOYAGEURS (From Photo, taken in 1895) 1.-Lewis Solomon, born on Drummond Island, 1821; died at Victoria Harbor, Ont., March 1900. 2.-John Bussette*, born in the Rocky Mountains (near Calgary), 1823. 3.-James Larammee, born on Drummond Island, 1826. 4.-Francis Dusome, born at Fort Garry, Red River, 1820. Osborne, Drummond Island. “Indian Canoe“ At Coldwater near Lake Huron – Sept. 1844 Metro Toronto Reference Library .

18520000 Jameson p 296

sault ste marie c1888

Government Dock, Sault Ste. Marie, ca. 1888, Collection of Sault Ste. Marie Public Library Archives.

Anna Jameson (2)

Passing a waterfall

Frances Anne Hopkins, Passing A Waterfall, 1869

18520000 Jameson p 297

Wigwams on the Beach

Anna Jameson, Wigwams on the Beach at Mackinaw

Anna Jameson Michlimackinac

Shebanwanning, Georgian Bay (Killarney, Ontario), 1856 Wm Armstrong 1910 TPL

Shebanwanning, Georgian Bay (Killarney, Ontario), 1856. By William Armstrong, 1910, Toronto Public Library.

18520000 Jameson p 298

Among The Islands of Georgian Bay Lucius OBrien 1886

Among The Islands of Georgian Bay by Lucius O’Brien, 1886

Anna Jameson, Sunset on Lake Huron

Anna Jameson, Sunset on Lake Huron from the encampment of Chief Yellow Head. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. R9266-292 Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana. Copyright Expired

18520000 Jameson p 299

Two viewpoints

Anna Jameson, Winter Studies and Summer Rambles, in Canada, Vol. III, p. 321




Lewis Soloman’s Narrative

My name is Lewis Solomon-spelled L-e-w-i-s-though they call me
Louie.  I was born on Drummond Island in 1821, moved to St.
Joseph Island in 1825, back to Drummond Island again, and then
to Penetanguishene in 1829.  My father's name was William
Solomon, Government interpreter.  His father, Ezekiel Solomon,
was born in the city of Berlin, Germany, came to Montreal and
went up to the "Sault."  My father was appointed Indian
interpreter by the British Government and was at Mackinaw during
the War of 1812, then moved to Drummond Island with the British
forces, and afterwards to Penetanguishene.  My mother's maiden
name was Johnston, born in Mackinaw, where she and my father
were married.  She died in Penetanguishene.  My father received
his discharge under Sir John Colborne, retiring on a pension of
seventy-five cents a day after a continued service of fifty-six
years with the Government, and he died at Penetanguishene also.
Neddy McDonald, the old mail-carrier, sometimes went with us,
but he was not a good paddler, and we did not care to have him.
It is said that it fell to Neddy's lot, on the trip with Lady
Jameson, to carry her on his back from the canoe to the shore
occasionally when a good landing was not found.  As Mrs. Jameson
was of goodly proportions, it naturally became a source of irritation
to Neddy, which he did not conceal from his fellow voyageurs.  Mrs.
Jameson had joined the party of Colonel Jarvis at the Manitoulin
Island.  She was a rich lady from England, well educated, and
travelling for pleasure.  She was an agreeable woman, considerate
of others and extremely kind-hearted.  I was a pretty fair singer
in those days, and she often asked me to sing those beautiful
songs of the French voyageurs, which she seemed to think so nice
and I often sang them for her.  Mrs. Jameson ran the "Sault Rapids"
in a birch-bark canoe, with two Chippewa Indian guides. They named
her Was-sa-je-wun-e-qua, "Woman of the bright stream."
I was attendant on Mrs. Jameson, and was obliged to sleep in her
tent, as a sort of protector, in a compartment separated by a hanging           4
screen.  I was obliged to wait till she retired, and then crawl
in quietly without waking her.  Mrs. Jameson gathered several human
skulls at Head Island, above Nascoutiong, to take home with her.  She
kept them till I persuaded her to throw them out, as I did not
fancy their company.  When I parted with Mrs. Jameson and shook
hands with her I found four five dollar gold pieces in my hand.


In the past people were taught to rever the places of the dead and believed it was very bad luck to disturb or even stop on a grave. Mrs. Jameson’s taste in souvenirs, macabre as it was, reflected the casual attitude many British settlers and tourists had towards native burials. The sense of proprietorship is unmistakeable. This attitude peristed well into the twentieth century. In 1986 an Ojibwe friend quipped that she was going to apply for a Canada Council grant to “dig up white people’s bones”.

18520000 Jameson p 300

Voyageurs at Dawn 1871 by Frances Anne Hopkins

Voyageurs at Dawn 1871 by Frances Anne Hopkins

18520000 Jameson p 301

Not many years after the arrival of the Mississaugas, the Iroquois, represented by their chief tribe the Mohawks, came north across Ontario and exterminated the Hurons, possessing themselves of their hunting grounds. Coming into contact with the Mississaugas the Mohawks massacred small parties of them, and endeavoured to drive them off. It being a matter of life and death to the Mississaugas, they held a great council of war and decided to attack the Mohawks and, if possible, drive them away. A party of Mohawks were entrenched at an island in lower Georgian Bay, afterwards known as Pequahkoondehaminis, or the “island of skulls”. The Mississaugas surrounded them, and made great slaughter, the island taking its name from this circumstance. The Mohawks were compelled to retreat eventually, but being a fierce and warlike tribe they resisted stubbornly. The Mississaugas then advanced up what is now the Severn River to Shunyung, or Lake Simcoe, stopping at Machinchning, which means “fish fence” at the Narrows between lakes Simcoe and Couchiching in order to get a supply of food. Part of this fence remains to this day. (1904) There they received reinforcements, dividing into two parties, and made preparations for a campaign. The main body proceeded along the portage, now called “Portage Road” to Balsam Lake; the other party went south to Toronto.

The Story of PaudashA History of the Rice Lake Indians by Mary Jane Muskratte Simpson

19210121GL First Nations graves

Disturbing First Nations Graves in High Park, Globe, Jan. 21, 1921

18520000 Jameson p 302

Berdoe Mohawk Mail Carriers

Berdoe Amherst Wilkinson, The Mail Carried Across Lake Huron from Penetanguishene to Sault Ste-Marie. March 1853. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. R9266-422 Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana Copyright: expired

18520000 Jameson p 303

Move 1837 Georgian Bay

Georgian Bay, 1837

18520000 Jameson p 306

Ojibwe canoe2

Ojibwe Canoe, Canadian Courier, Vol. 8, No. 12, Aug. 20, 1910

18520000 Jameson p 307


Mary (Hallen) Gilmour. View of Penetanguishene Harbour, “Penetanguishene 1836, View from our house, MH”. Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. R10700-42-X-E

Penetanguishe Bay 1844

Penetanguishe Bay 1844 by Mary (Hallen) Gilmour. Libraries and Archives Canada.


A winter-spring scene on Lake Huron – Cedars on the lake shore, Penetanguishene Bay, March 17 1838. Album of watercolours by George Russell Dartnell, titled “Original Sketches of Canadian Scenery,” 1835 to 1843. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1995-28-4 Copyright: Expired



Six Nations Veterans of the War of 1812

18520000 Jameson p 308

Dartnell Crossing the Ice

Spring-winter at Penetanguishene, a family party crossing the bay on the ice, March 6, 1837. Album of watercolours by George Russell Dartnell, titled “Original Sketches of Canadian Scenery,” 1835 to 1843. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1995-28-8 Copyright: Expired

Dartnell Little Lake

Winter peep at the Little Lake, near Dushome’s Clearing, Penetanguishene, March 1837. Album of watercolours by George Russell Dartnell, titled “Original Sketches of Canadian Scenery,” 1835 to 1843. Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1995-28-12

18520000 Jameson p 310


Blind Beggar by John Thomas Smith


18520000 Jameson p 311

Indians and Canoe, Coldwater River, Coldwater, Ontario

Indians and Canoe, Coldwater River, Coldwater, Ontario, September, 1844 by Titus Hibbert Ware. Toronto Public Library.

18520000 Jameson p 312


Lake Couchiching

Post card.

Indian Village at Rama Indian Reserve, Ontario Titus Hibbert Ware 1844

Indian Village at Rama Indian Reserve, Ontario Titus Hibbert Ware 1844


Lucius O’Brien, Ojibwe Indians, Lake Simcoe

18520000 Jameson p 313

The old route from Lake Simcoe to Toronto was the portage Trail called “The Toronto Carrying Place”. Highway 400 and Yonge Street could be considered its offspring.

Toronto Carrying Place18520000 Jameson p 314

Toronto Carrying Place Chewitt

A MAP of the LOCATED DISTRICTS in the / PROVINCE OF UPPER CANADA, / Describing all the New Settlements, Townships, with the adjacent Frontiers, / Compiled and Corrected, / From the latest Surveys in the Surveyor General’s Office / BY WILLIAM CHEWITT, SENIOR SURVEYOR & DRAUGHTSMAN; / Under the Direction of / Francis Gore, Esqr. Lieutenant Governor, / To whom this Map is most respectfully inscribed / BY WILLIAM FADEN, / Geographer to His Majesty & to His Royal Highness the Prince Regent. / Charing Cross, January 1st. 1813. // Cooper sculp.

19070803 The Canadian courier Vol. II No. 10 (August 3rd, 1907) Temagami guide

Guide, The Canadian Courier, Vol. II No. 10 (August 3rd, 1907)